Gum Disease Treatment in Tenafly NJ

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums that surround your teeth. It is one of the primary causes of tooth loss in adults. Because it is virtually pain-free, many patients do not know they have the disease. During each regular checkup, we will check for signs of periodontal disease by measuring the space between your teeth and gums.

Periodontal Treatment in Tenafly NJ

What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque, a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If the plaque is not removed by flossing, brushing, and regular dental checkups, it will continue to build up and create toxins that can damage the gums.

Periodontal disease forms just below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the gums from the teeth. Periodontal disease has two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.

  • Gingivitis — This is the early stage of gum disease, when the gums become red and swollen, and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is treatable and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing.
  • Periodontitis — If left untreated, gingivitis will advance into periodontitis. The gums and bone that support the teeth will become seriously and irreversibly damaged. Gums infected with periodontitis can cause teeth to become loose, fall out, or require removal by a dentist.

Certain factors can increase a patient’s risk of developing periodontal disease, including

Smoking or using chewing tobacco
Certain types of medication such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives
Bridges that no longer fit properly
Crooked teeth
Old fillings

While it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, some symptoms can include

Gums that bleed easily
Red, swollen, tender gums
Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
Persistent bad breath or unpleasant taste in the mouth
Pus between your teeth and gums
Loose or separating permanent teeth
Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
Any change in the fit of partial dentures

Sharp Pain when Biting Down on Food

If you experience persistent, sharp pain when eating, you could have a chip, fracture, or loose filling that is causing pressure to irritate your tooth’s nerves. When the outer enamel and dentin layers of the tooth are cracked or broken, chewing can cause great irritation to the tooth’s nerves. When biting pressure is released, the crack can close quickly, resulting in a momentary, sharp pain.

What to do: Visit our office as soon as possible. If the tooth is not repaired, it will not only hurt during chewing but can also become sensitive to extreme temperatures. Cracks and fractures can lead to infection of the pulp tissue, even spreading to the bone and gum tissue that surround the tooth. In that case, a root canal will be the option to save the tooth.

Constant and Severe Pain, Pressure, Swelling, and Sensitivity

Severe and constant tooth pain is the most common symptom of an abscess. When a tooth becomes abscessed, it means that the pulp is inflamed and infected. Left untreated, an abscess can progress to a serious, life-threatening bacterial infection that can spread throughout the entire body.

Signs You May Have an Abscess

Teeth grinding at night
Pain when chewing
Red, swollen gums
Swollen neck or jaw
Bitter taste in the mouth or bad breath

What to do: Contact our office immediately. If your tooth has an abscess, your treatment options consist of root canal therapy to clean and remove the infection, antibiotic therapy, or endodontic surgery. This will prevent the infection from spreading further into the jaw and bone tissue.

Gum Disease Treatment in Tenafly New Jersey

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